Oman Tax Authority
The Sultanate of Oman established Oman Tax Authority in the year 1970. by the introduction of the Income Tax Law. It was administered by The Department of Financial Affairs, Administrative Apparatus of Oman, which was promulgated by Royal Decree No. 26/75. The jurisdictions and the organizational structure of the Ministry of Finance, Taxes became part of the Department of Income and Investments.
History of Oman Tax Authority
In the 1980s
Oman re-organized the Directorate General of Finance under the Royal Decree No. 40/80 that raised the level of affiliated Departments to Public Administrations. The Tax Department in Oman came under the General Administration of Income and Investments as a Department with two sections: one for Inspection and the other for Collection.
In the 1990s
The Sultanate of Oman in 1991 appointment the Secretary-General for Taxation, as per by the Royal Decree No. 4/91. The Secretariat General for Taxation became a division of the Ministry of Finance and Economy. It was under the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and Financial and Economic Affairs.
In 1993, the Taxation department established its three-department organizational structure approved by Ministerial Decree No. 8/93. The three departments were: Department of Investigation and Assessment, Department of Survey and Administrative Affairs, and the Department of Collection.
The sultanate of Oman in 1995 determined the jurisdictions and approved the organizational structure of the Ministry of Finance issued by Royal Decree No. 39/96. The authority upgraded the administrative setup of the Taxation departments.
In the 2000s
The promulgation of Royal Decree No. 20/2006 modified the DG of Survey and Administrative Affairs to the Directorate General of Survey and Tax Agreements. The Royal Decree No. 66/2019 on 14/10/2019 established a Tax Authority having its administrative and financial autonomy. It is attached to the Council of Ministries. Assets, allocations, and jurisdictions of the Secretariat General for Taxation at the Ministry of Finance shall transfer to the Tax Authority with the Secretariat’s staff with the same job status and financial allocations.
What is the Organizational Structure of the Oman Tax Authority?
The Chairman Office is part of a holistic structure that includes the Security office, Legal Department, Records Department, Media Department, Anti-tax evasion Department, Cyber section, IT Department, Internal Audit Department, Taxpayers Services Department, and Experts. The following come under The Chairman Office:-
- The First General Directorate Tax
- The Second General Directorate Tax
- General Directorate of Collection
- Anti-tax evasion Directorate
- General Directorate of Administrative and Financial affairs
- Government Tax Directorate
What are the functions of the Oman Tax Authority?
- The Tax Authority shall perform the following functions:
- Record information of taxpayers.
- Perform the necessary procedures to record the data and the information related to the taxpayers.
- Execute the necessary procedures to assess or estimate and collect the imposed taxes on earning or the expenditure or other types of taxes and deliver its income to the Public treasury.
- Perform the necessary procedures to exempt from tax by applying the stipulated laws.
- Execute the necessary procedures to collect the taxes by following the stipulated steps in the System for Collection of Taxes, fees, and other amounts payable by taxpayers.
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